Objective To determine whether or not expanding calcium consumption away from dietary source has an effect on limbs mineral density (BMD) and you will, therefore, whether the outcomes are similar to the ones from calcium supplements.
Eligibility conditions for buying education Randomised managed examples away from weight reduction offer out of calcium or calcium (having or instead of nutritional D) from inside the people aged over 50 which have BMD at the lumbar spine, complete stylish, femoral neck, full looks, otherwise forearm given that an effect.
Results We identified 59 eligible randomised controlled trials: 15 studied dietary sources of calcium (n=1533) and 51 studied calcium supplements (n=12 257). Increasing calcium intake from dietary sources increased BMD by 0.6-1.0% at the total hip and total body at one year and by 0.7-1.8% at these sites and the lumbar spine and femoral neck at two years. There was no effect on BMD in the forearm. Calcium supplements datehookup increased BMD by 0.7-1.8% at all five skeletal sites at one, two, and over two and a half years, but the size of the increase in BMD at later time points was similar to the increase at one year. Increases in BMD were similar in trials of dietary sources of calcium and calcium supplements (except at the forearm), in trials of calcium monotherapy versus co-administered calcium and vitamin D, in trials with calcium doses of ?1000 versus <1000 mg/day and ?500 versus >500 mg/day, and in trials where the baseline dietary calcium intake was <800 versus ?800 mg/day.